- 1 What is the difference between iris and bearded iris?
- 2 What are bearded iris bulbs called?
- 3 Why are irises called bearded?
- 4 How can I tell what kind of iris I have?
- 5 Do irises multiply?
- 6 What month do iris bloom?
- 7 Should I deadhead irises?
- 8 Should I soak iris bulbs before planting?
- 9 Can you plant irises in the spring?
- 10 Are irises poisonous to dogs?
- 11 Do irises spread?
- 12 Are purple irises invasive?
- 13 When can I replant irises?
- 14 What function does the iris serve?
- 15 What do iris patterns mean?
What is the difference between iris and bearded iris?
Bearded iris have thick, fleshy roots (rhizomes) that grow on or very close to the soil surface. Siberian iris flowers are smaller than bearded iris and do not have a beard. They prefer relatively acidic soil and consistent moisture, but will tolerate periods of dry weather.
What are bearded iris bulbs called?
About Irises The most familiar irises are the tall bearded irises ( Iris germanica ) that reach 2 to 3 feet in height. These distinctive, six-petaled flowers have three outer hanging petals (called “falls”) and three inner upright petals (called “standards”). Irises may be bearded or crested (aka “beardless”).
Why are irises called bearded?
The most popular garden iris today is the German or bearded iris (Iris germanica). The common name is derived from the thick, bushy “beards” that appear on each of the falls of the flower. This species has been so widely hybridized that many cultivars are no longer morphologically typical of the original German iris.
How can I tell what kind of iris I have?
Look at the soil right at the base of the leaves. Some iris will have the rhizome sitting at soil level or even above soil level, as in the picture below. If you don’t see it, remove an inch or two of soil towards the center of the plant. If you don’t find a rhizome the iris is probably growing from a bulb.
Do irises multiply?
Irises multiply fairly quickly and when the plants become overcrowded they produce fewer of their lovely blooms. It is very easy to divide iris plants to rejuvenate them, and for the best display, bearded irises should be divided every three to four years.
What month do iris bloom?
A number of bearded varieties bloom from early spring to early summer. Among beardless irises, many varieties in the Spuria subgroup bloom from late spring to midsummer. Some Siberian iris (Iris sibirica) and Japanese iris (I. ensata) selections bloom from mid-spring to early summer.
Should I deadhead irises?
Iris Care: Deadheading This prevents the plants from using up their energy in ripening the seed heads. If your irises stop producing blooms, they may have become overcrowded. Dig up the bulbs in early fall and separate them before replanting. All irises appreciate an occasional feed with a high potash fertilizer.
Should I soak iris bulbs before planting?
It would be wise to soak iris in a diluted solution (1-9 ratios) of bleach and water for several hours or even overnight before replanting the large new healthy rhizomes. If planting in the fall when dormant, one may wish to cut back existing roots to about three inches.
Can you plant irises in the spring?
A quick guide to growing all the Irises: The big Bearded Irises you plant in late summer, the bulb Iris you plant in fall, and Siberian, Japanese and Louisianas you plant in spring. They’re all great, all easy to grow.
Are irises poisonous to dogs?
Irises. If your dog eats irises, they may salivate, vomit, drool, have diarrhea or lose energy. This is because the iris contains several compounds that are toxic to dogs. Irises can also cause skin irritation.
Do irises spread?
Bearded Irises Grow from Rhizomes Such plants also spread by rhizomes, and irises are no exception. While some rhizomatous plants, like bamboo, spread rapidly and even invasively, the iris spreads fairly gradually—one of its main virtues for gardeners. But, as iris rhizomes spread, they become crowded.
Are purple irises invasive?
Gardeners often use this iris as an ornamental pond plant, and value the yellow flowers that bloom in the summer. However, it can quickly become invasive, and gardeners must beware of this in order to provide the most appropriate flag iris care.
When can I replant irises?
Bearded Iris are ideally divided late summer to autumn, once they have finished their flowering. Moving them at other times is ok, but it will disrupt their flowering. 1. Simply dig under the clump with a fork or spade, ensuring you don’t run through the rhizomes as you do.
What function does the iris serve?
Together with the pupil, the iris is responsible for regulating the amount of light that gets into the eye. Too much or too little light can hamper vision. The muscular iris moves to shrink the pupil if there is too much light and widen it if there is not enough.
What do iris patterns mean?
In addition to providing identification through unique combinations, one small study linked iris patterns to certain personality traits. Iris furrows may show up more often in people who are impulsive. A lot of tightly packed crypts could mean you tend to be warm, trusting, and sympathetic.